A scaffolding technique to help children with additional needs learn about waiting, turn-taking and self-control using a drum – the subtleties matter!
Scaffolding refers to a variety of techniques used to move a child progressively toward stronger understanding and, ultimately, greater independence in a learning process. Scaffolding can include breaking a large task into smaller parts and verbalising cognitive processes. As the child begins to function independently, the adult removes all or some of the scaffolding. The adult must be familiar with the child’s abilities in order to apply scaffolding successfully.
Here’s our tip to help a child learn about waiting, turn-taking and self-control using a drum:
1. Move the drum between you and your child, making it clear when to play and allowing time for your child to process the request
2. When you think your child has grasped the concept, just tip the drum between you and your child instead of moving it away
3. When your child is ready for the next challenge, don’t move the drum and ask them to play it in a turn-taking manner. Model it by moving your hand completely away from the drum when it’s not your turn (to reduce the temptation of playing the drum!)
4. When your child understands the concept that little bit more, move your hand closer to the drum when it’s not your turn to play. See if your child can control their urge to play and wait for their turn.
As you can see, the subtleties matter!
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